James Coignard est un peintre, céramiste, sculpteur et graveur français, né en 1925 à Tours et décédé en 2008 à Mougins.
James Coignard réalise ses premières peintures et s’impose dans la mouvance de ce qu’il est convenu d’appeler “l’école de Paris” pour faire bientôt cavalier seul et se distinguer par la singularité de son œuvre. Le juste équilibre entre une symétrie, une ligne pure et un fond chaotique et irrationnel est représentatif de tout son œuvre. Par un geste instinctif, Il tente d’exprimer la totalité d’un seul trait avec un minimum d’intervention, la simplification du trait rendant le message plus puissant. On retrouve dans les œuvres de James Coignard trois degrés de construction. Tout d’abord, la composition classique répondant à la fois aux lois de la physique universelle, très architecturée, souvent appuyée sur des lettres. Puis, on peut voir un lieu déterminé signifiant la vie sociale, niveau où se définit le lieu du travail de l’artiste, lieu intérieur duquel tous les exercices sont possibles. Ce lieu est en général bloqué par des signes positionnés dans un angle ou aux extrémités de l’œuvre. Enfin, un lieu de vie personnelle s’impose, c’est à dire un lieu de liberté pour l’individu agissant dans ce monde social, dans cette société dans laquelle il doit réagir, lutter, s’exprimer. C’est ainsi que les compositions de James Coignard sont des lieux de confrontation entre les constructions sociales et constructions personnelles. L’emplacement des figures devient une proposition abstraite. Cet univers constitué d’espaces ne peut exister que grâce à la rare qualité que possède James Coignard de pouvoir mélanger de façon quasiment parfaite les mondes antagonistes de l’imaginaire et de la logique. “Tout me porte à définir mon Chaos” dit-il. Il nous montre tout au long de son œuvre, son âme.
Contemporain et inspiré des philosophes comme Jaspers, Sartre, Camus et surtout Heidegger, James Coignard illustre ce qu’est “le sens du possible” et nous encourage à accéder au sommet de notre destinée par la face Sud.
James Coignard was born in Tours in 1925, the only son in a family from the La Touraine region in France.
His parents settled in Paris in 1928, his father was a mechanic in the navy and his mother a seamstress. As a teenager, he showed more interest in the city’s art galleries and vintage bookshops than his studies and developed a taste and skill for drawing. On the breakout of war his parents divorced and James Coignard returned to the banks of the Loire with his mother. He applied to the École des Beaux-arts in Tours but was turned down. It was at this time that he met the painter Marchand des Raux, with whom he became friends. Together, and despite the bombing raids, they painted the landscapes of La Touraine. James Coignard was especially fond of the light along the banks of the Loire, a light that would greatly influence his work. At the same time, he began a career in the French civil service becoming a treasury assistant in Langeais, where he remained until 1948.
He later transferred to Villefranche-sur-Mer, where once again he encountered his friend Marchand. This was a decisive move since the region’s artistic competition helped Coignard develop his painting and join contemporary artistic circles.
James began evening classes at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Nice, spending his nights being taught drawing and technique by Marchand des Raux in his studio. In 1950, at the Ile-de-France museum in Saint Jean Cap Ferrat, the young Coignard and his friend organised an exhibition, “École de Paris et Art sacré” (The School of Paris and Sacred Art). There, he met Matisse who, from his bed, drew the great Saint Dominic from the Rosary Chapel in Vence on the wall in front of him. Buffet, Gleizes, Friesz, Zadkine were among those who attended this exhibition where James also met Braque and Chagall. His first personal exhibition would take place in Beaulieu-sur-Mer in a disused office building with the help of a friend, the antique dealer Georges Androt.
In 1950, he won first prize hors concours for the Arts Décoratif, but it would be the meeting with the gallery owner Paul Hervieu in the same year that would launch Coignard’s artistic career. This was the beginning of a long collaboration with the Hervieu gallery in Nice, which began by exhibiting his works in Sweden from 1952.
In 1952, James Coignard left the civil service and moved to Paris. Together with Hubert Herzog, he founded a ceramics studio and immersed himself in the lifestyle of the young artists of the Parisian Left Bank. It was during this
time that he was likened to the School of Paris painters and got to know Max Papart with whom he began a true artistic adventure and a great friendship. Papart encouraged and advised him: “Paint bigger, paint the object full
In 1956, his first museum exhibition took place at Malmö museum, he had just turned thirty. This same year he married Mireille Poupart, a student who would also become his closest collaborator, especially on his carborundum
etchings which he began to work on in 1967. The young couple firstly settled in Nice then moved to a big apartment in Beaulieu-sur-Mer, where Coignard created his studio. The couple lived between Paris and Beaulieu since
James Coignard still had his ceramics studio in Paris. He worked relentlessly; times were hard and Coignard worked as a sound effects engineer at the radio: “a job that he hated…” Ceramics became the artist’s livelihood and there are almost no pieces left from this period. The exclusive contract that Hervieu offered him in 1958 allowed him to stop producing ceramics and close his studio in order to concentrate on his painting.
In 1957, James Coignard exhibited in the United States for the first time at the Collector’s Gallery in New York. He travelled to Spain in 1958, a journey that would greatly influence him and his painting. He discovered the landscapes of southern Spain, the old Masters, the Catalan sculptures and frescos. This is the birthplace of Clavé’s work, an artist whom Coignard
believed of vital importance, even though it would be several years later before he met the painter. He then abandoned pure colour for chiaroscuro and treated the surfaces by defining the space.